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I want to be a father or mother but I don't have a partner, what can I do? Nowadays there are more and more alternatives that closely resemble natural conception but without the need for a partner: artificial insemination, surrogate bellies, and of course, adoption.
Asking ourselves to be parents individually will entail an intense process of reflection in which many doubts, contradictions, fears, insecurities will surface, because it is a very important and decisive decision in our lives, just like when a couple decides to have a baby. Although it is true that, when this decision is made as a couple, the responsibility is shared and those fears and insecurities are diluted a little.
We must be clear that a single-parent family has in itself, a series of peculiarities that define it Like, an adoption is a form of parenthood that has its own peculiarities. Therefore, when we combine both characteristics, we face a model of fatherhood that is quite different from the traditional concept that we have of family. This is neither good nor bad: it is different. And it does not have to generate any conflict for us. It is a matter of having an open mind and accepting that there are many ways to do things.
However, the country where you live, its culture and its habits and customs also plays a very important role. And this translates to not all countries will see single-parent adoptions in the same way, as is the case with adoptions by same-sex couples, or couples who live together but are not married or couples who are not in certain age groups or who practice other religions. There are also countries that, in the case of single-parent adoptions, only allow the adoption of children of the same sex as the parent or that only allow this type of adoption to women.
This fact may seem unfair and difficult to understand, but they are the criteria established by each country to regulate these procedures. In Spain, for example, this type of adoption is not easy. There are a number of requirements that we must meet. To these we must always add those established by the countries of origin and make a combination of both, always validating the most restrictive way. That is to say: if in Spain you cannot adopt a child with whom the parents have an age difference of more than 40 years but you intend to adopt in a country where the limit is 50, the limit of Spain prevails because it is the more restrictive.
The advice is that when you have decided to adopt, you go to the public entity that takes these steps in your locality and calmly inform yourself of what options you have based on your characteristics since the requirements contemplated by each country vary continuously.
As of today, these are the countries that allow single-parent adoption (albeit with nuances):
-Spain, Brazil, Bulgaria, Ivory Coast, Costa Rica, China, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Philippines, Honduras, Hungary, India, Kenya, Latvia, Madagascar, Mexico, Moldova, Nigeria, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Republic Czech, Senegal, Serbia, Thailand and Venezuela.
You can read more articles similar to Single parent adoption, in the On-site Adoption category.