Rhinitis in childhood. Causes and treatment

Rhinitis in childhood. Causes and treatment

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It may be one more symptom of an allergy and it may not. We often confuse rhinitis cases and think that simply our child 'must have Pollen allergy'. The sneezing, the red eyes ... everything seems to fit. But it's not always like this. Sometimes rhinitis appears at another time and is not indicative of any allergies.

Rhinitis is nothing other than inflammation of the nasal mucosa. It causes sneezing, itchy throat and eyes, nasal obstruction and sometimes even loss of smell. It is true that it is closely linked to allergies, but sometimes it can also be indicative of other types of diseases, such as asthma.

- Infectious rhinitis
Caused in most cases by a viral infection. It may be more acute if there is also a deviation of the nasal septum or vegetations.

- Seasonal allergic rhinitis
It is the rhinitis of a pollen allergy. It occurs in spring and early summer. The symptoms are recognizable to the naked eye: sneezing, itchy eyes and throat, a red nose and in some cases conjunctivitis. Allergy tests will determine which pollen your child is allergic to (it does not usually appear before the age of 2).

- Non-seasonal allergic rhinitis
It is when rhinitis is no longer related to the season of spring or early summer, and occurs throughout the year. That is rhinitis is perennial. The best known causes are allergens (there is something in the environment that causes a child's allergy, such as dust mites, animal urine ...). In the long run it can lead to sinusitis and nasal polyps.

- Vasomotor rhinitis
It occurs when the blood vessels in the mucous membrane of the nose dilate. Symptoms: sneezing and runny nose. It is produced by sudden changes in temperature, tobacco smoke, humidity or strong odors.

- Hormonal rhinitis
It is linked to cases of infantile hypothyroidism and infantile diabetes.

The first step in treating rhinitis is diagnosing it. That is to say, know what type of rhinitis is. In the case of allergic rhinitis (the most common among children), determine what causes allergy to our child. Once the allergenic agent is located, avoid contact with it. For example, in the case of allergies to the hair of an animal, avoid coexistence of the child with this animal.

If the child is allergic to mites, you will have to maintain a scrupulous cleaning at home, use special covers and duvets, wash them weekly at 60ºC and remove rugs and carpets (place with the highest concentration of mites).

Apart from trying to keep the allergen agent away from the child, the allergist will probably prescribe a drug from the antihistamine family or some nasal corticosteroid. In the most severe cases, there are specific vaccines to treat allergies.

You can read more articles similar to Rhinitis in childhood. Causes and treatment, in the category of Allergies on site.

Video: Pediatric Answers: Rhinitis in Infants (June 2022).


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