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The most recommended vaccines for women in pregnancy

The most recommended vaccines for women in pregnancy


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The period of the first three months of pregnancy is critical in the formation of your baby. Any aggression could cause an important structural alteration and serious consequences, that is why doctors try to do the minimum essential treatments in that period, including vaccines.

Still, there are a number of most recommended vaccines for women in pregnancy, and it is that it has been seen that a premature baby has very few antibodies from the mother in its blood and a full-term baby has many antibodies, even more than the mother, which makes it very clear that the greatest passive defense step (antibodies) it happens in the last two months of pregnancy.

Vaccination in a pregnant woman should be in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, so that it no longer represents a risk in the formation of the baby and has more effectiveness in the formation of defenses, both for the mother and for the little one. What vaccines should be the most indicated in this period of a woman's life?

Tdap Vaccine Against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis
Neonatal tetanus still causes many deaths worldwide, especially in areas of poor hygiene, since, at the time of delivery, if the place or material is dirty, it could be contaminated with tetanus toxin and be the cause of tetanus.

This vaccine is well studied during pregnancy and its level of protection is known to be very high. Most cases of neonatal tetanus occur in babies of unvaccinated women. The vaccine protects the mother and the child.

If the mother has never been vaccinated or has an incomplete vaccination schedule (less than 3 doses) then she should receive two doses: the first, at least 60 days before birth, and the booster, at least 20 days before birth. . If the mother has her three-dose schedule, but more than 5 years have passed since its application, it is recommended to apply a booster 60 days before birth.

Other important goal of this vaccine is to protect against pertussis caused by pertussis, a serious disease at any age, but more so in the newborn (currently about 20 babies die a year in the United States from whooping cough).

Half of babies who get whooping cough in the first year require hospital treatment. The most dangerous thing about whooping cough in newborns is that it does not cause the intense cough that characterizes it at other ages. Babies under 6 months can manifest it with respiratory arrest and blue coloring of the lips and skin.

When applying the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy You will produce defenses against these diseases and some of these defenses will pass to your baby before birth. These defenses will protect the child for a short time after birth.

Influenza
Pregnancy produces changes in your heart, lungs and immune system, which make you more susceptible to having a more serious flu picture. Having influenza during pregnancy puts your baby at risk of premature delivery

The flu vaccine is safe at any time during pregnancy. Because influenza illness represents a significant risk of complications during the second and third trimesters, the vaccine is indicated in any pregnant woman who is beyond the 14th week of pregnancy and to do so at the time of greatest circulation of the virus in her hemisphere : in the northern hemisphere it is between November and March, in the southern hemisphere, from April to July.

Hepatitis B
Ideally, during pregnancy, the gynecologist will order a blood test to find out if the mother is a carrier of hepatitis B surface antigens, which indicates that the mother is a carrier of the virus and can transmit it to the baby.

If the test is positive, the baby at birth should receive one dose of Hepatitis B immune globulin and one dose of Hepatitis B vaccine in the first 12 hours after birth. Then you must complete your vaccination schedule according to your card. The number of doses and the date will depend on the age and weight at birth.

This vaccine is not indicated in pregnancy, we mention it here because it is very important to do the studies to know the status of the virus carrier in the mother and the great importance of starting the vaccination in the baby in the first 12 hours of life.

The pregnant mom vaccinations protect the baby by three mechanisms:

- Passage of antibodies (defenses) through the placenta.

- Passing of antibodies after birth in breast milk.

- As the mother has a lower risk of getting sick, the baby has a lower risk of contagion.

The ideal is review your vaccination schedule before getting pregnant, so that if you miss a vaccine, apply it at least one month before getting pregnant. This is the case of live attenuated virus vaccines, such as rubella, which has a congenital presentation.

If you get rubella during pregnancy, it can cause an abortion or malformations in your baby, but if you are vaccinated, the child will be protected (protection is obtained from the MMR vaccine, which is usually given in childhood and the protection remains, but you must check that you do not lack this vaccine)

For all these reasons, it is important to keep your vaccination record throughout your life, not only in childhood, that can help your doctor to know what vaccines you require.

You can read more articles similar to The most recommended vaccines for women in pregnancy, in the category of Getting pregnant on site.


Video: Proven Practices for Increasing Vaccine Rates in Adults and Pregnant Women (May 2022).


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